Accountants in Poland

In Poland, including Warsaw and Krakow, accountants provide accounting services:

– as sole proprietorships operating as one-person accounting offices, possibly within this organizational structure hiring or collaborating with other people. If such a sole proprietorship is conducted at the accountant’s place of residence, they do not have a separate office and provide their services to one or possibly several entities, we very often deal with so-called B2B contracts.

– as civil law partnerships or commercial law companies.<

– under employment contracts.

Regardless of the organizational and legal form in which accounting services are provided in Poland, Polish accountants are obliged to perform their services/work based on and in accordance with legal regulations in the field of accounting. In Poland, the fundamental legal act is the Accounting Act of 29 September 1994 (consolidated text: Journal of Laws of 2022, item 120, as amended). This act defines the principles of accounting and the rules for conducting business in the field of providing bookkeeping services in Poland. The provisions of the Polish Accounting Act must be applied when keeping accounts, among others, for entities that are headquartered in Poland or if their management is carried out in Poland:

– commercial law companies, both capital and personal, as well as civil law partnerships (with certain reservations arising from Article 2, paragraph 2 of the Accounting Act), and other legal persons except for the State Treasury and the National Bank of Poland (NBP).

– natural persons, civil law partnerships of natural persons, civil law partnerships of natural persons and businesses in succession, registered partnerships of natural persons, professional partnerships, and businesses in succession operating in accordance with the Act of 5 July 2018 on the succession management of a natural person’s enterprise and other facilitations related to the succession of enterprises (Journal of Laws of 2021, item 170), if their net revenue from the sale of goods, products, and financial operations for the previous financial year amounted to at least the equivalent in Polish currency of 2,000,000 euros.

– branches and representative offices of foreign entrepreneurs within the meaning of the provisions of the Act of 6 March 2018 on the rules for the participation of foreign entrepreneurs and other foreign persons in trade on the territory of the Republic of Poland (Journal of Laws of 2022, item 470).

The Polish Accounting Act is therefore the fundamental legal act for accountants providing their services in the field of accounting in Poland (in the field of providing bookkeeping services).

Very often, questions are asked regarding accountants: How much does it cost to keep accounts in Poland, how much in Warsaw, and how much in Krakow? How much does an accountant cost per month in Poland? How much does a Polish accountant cost?

We have already answered these questions in our previous article: “Price list for HR and payroll services in Poland, Warsaw, and Krakow

Every Polish accountant should have the appropriate knowledge in the field of accounting, competence, and familiarity with Polish legal regulations, including tax regulations, as without such knowledge it is practically impossible to provide competent, professional accounting services.

Very often, competent, professional accounting services in Poland also require the accountant to be familiar with Polish labor law or Polish civil law (the Polish Civil Code), as many institutions in the field of tax law or the Accounting Act are related to these regulations. A good accountant should sometimes “step outside” the area in which they operate within accounting and, for example, when dealing with a contract from the field of civil law, should have the necessary knowledge to at least draw the client’s attention to the need to consult a lawyer if some provisions of the contract are questionable or raise doubts. Therefore, a good Polish accountant should have interdisciplinary knowledge, also in the field of basic knowledge of law or finance (financial statements).

The work of accountants, not only Polish, is largely currently determined by the ability to use computer programs. Without knowledge of professional accounting programs dedicated by IT companies for accounting, it is difficult to imagine the work of accountants today. The last two years have seen rapid development, including artificial intelligence. In this regard, accountants should start using it as it can not only facilitate but also accelerate the provision of accounting services. Artificial intelligence is undoubtedly a new area that accountants should get acquainted with, learn to navigate, and use the possibilities it offers.

A good accountant is also a communicative person. The communication between them and their client should be clear, unambiguous, and friendly. Clients should not “fear” accountants, they should not “fear” contact with them. A good accountant is a person who is friendly to the client, with whom the client wants to talk and feels good during such a conversation. This is an extremely important feature that affects not only the comfort of cooperation between the accountant and the client but also affects the substantive quality of the provision of accounting services.

Our accounting company PRWT Accounting and Business Support sp. z o.o. provides its services in Poland in the field of accountings and HR and payroll services. Since these services are sometimes inseparably linked with legal services, we are also able to provide such services to our clients in this area.

We provide services in Warsaw and Krakow in our offices:

Accounting office in Warsaw

TEL. +48 22 292 47 21
EMAIL: biuro.warszawa@prwt.pl

Accounting office in Krakow

TEL. +48 12 345 21 06
EMAIL: biuro.krakow@prwt.pl

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